Wear Plates are seen as one of the most important things that manufacturing and industrial companies need. If you own one, then you might have already considered using wear plates; but what are they actually for?
Many industries require using a wear plate for one or more machine parts they have. But in case you’re not sure what a wear plate is, we’ll help you!
This guide will be all about understanding what a wear resistant plate is. How it can help you, where you can apply it, where you can get it, and many more!
What is a Wear Plate?
A wear plate is an item that you use to keep your machines and equipment safe.
Commonly, you will use them to keep the parts of your machines and equipment safe from all kinds of damages.
You can select them based on the specific use you need. The different types of wear plates are, but not limited to:
C954 Aluminum Bronze
You’ll find these the most common types of wear plates, but there are other types out in the market.
What are the Materials of a Wear Plate?
There are many materials that comprise wear plates. However, the most common materials that complete it are:
Hardened Materials (4140, D2, S7, 1045)
Abrasion Resistant Grades (A514, AR400, and AR500)
What is AR in Steel?
The definition of AR is simply Abrasion Resistant. It is a type of steel plate, which is harder because it has more carbon levels.
What is the Difference Between AR400 and AR500?
AR stands for Abrasion Resistant; but AR400 and AR500 are two different plates. AR400 is a type of an alloy steel high in carbon.
It is specifically designed to make parts and components resistant to abrasion and wear.
AR500, on the other hand, has a medium carbon level. Unlike the AR400, the AR500 is most often used for resistance and toughness.
If you need a wear plate for an armored van, mining, manufacturing, and the like, AR500 is the wear plate for you.
What Makes AR500 Strong?
AR500 is known to have a high Brinell Hardness Number (BRN).
What makes AR500 so strong is t that it’s made with approximately 0.31% of carbon and it is packed with iron.
Is Wear Resistant The Same as an Abrasion Resistant (AR) Plate?
Yes, a wear resistant steel plate is technically the same thing as an Abrasion Resistant (AR) plate.
They’re usually intertwined because the majority of wear plates promote its property of being more resistant to abrasion.
Understanding What Abrasion Resistant Materials Are
They are the materials that you use to improve and enhance the durability of a part.
Due to its high carbon composition, it’s made shapeable and more weather resistant.
What Does the HB Mean in Metalworking?
In the welding or the metalworking industry, you use HB as the measurement of hardness.
It is the Brinell Hardness Number and it’s gotten through the division of the applied force to the diameter in mm and the depression in mm.
How Are Wear Resistant Steel Plates Made?
Similar to how most metals and steels are made, you can make them through quenching and tempering.
Quenching is the process of cooling a material or workpiece in water in a fast manner.
Tempering, then, is the process of treating the material by heating it to a higher temperature in the air.
When a piece is heated and quenched, that is the time when the crystal structures in the material are formed; and, this is what increases the hardness of the metal.
Reheating it again breaks the structures, along with the crystals made – which is responsible for the malleability of the material.
Repetition is what makes it hard, tough, and more challenging to break.
Is AR400 Better Than AR500?
AR400 and AR500 plates are AR plates that are 400 and 500 BHN, respectively.
The use of AR400 is in high wear resistance and is perfect for mining machinery and heavy-duty machinery.
AR500, on the other hand, is designed for impact and fatigue resistance, wear, corrosion, and abrasion resistance, and the like.
What’s the F in AR400F and AR500F?
Classifying wear resistant steel plates usually have the letter “F” at the suffix of their name. Although it’s not anymore that recognized today, it was a big thing before as it meant that a steel plate is “formable.”
It means that a material can be bent and folded to a degree without cracking or breaking.
Which Industries Can Find the Most Use of Wear Resistant Steel Plates?
The outstanding properties that wear resistant steel plates have make it functional and useful in the following industries:
Heavy-Machinery Type of Industries
Mining and Milling Industries
For Funnels, Feeders, and Other Industrial Equipment
And Many More
The hardness that it offers makes it the best type of material for some industries. You can use it to prevent and deter wear to your equipment, parts, and machines.
What Benefits Can You Get From Wear Resistant or Abrasion Resistant Steel Plates?
By using Abrasion Resistant steel plates, you’ll never have to think about damage and wear.
As a matter of fact, what you will be focusing on would be the output quality. Some of the most common benefits that you can get from using wear resistant steel plates include:
Reduced costs for new equipment and machineries
Higher capacity of work
Longer lifespan of parts and components
Continuous usage of machines
And many more
What is AR400 Steel?
Many of you might still be confused about what AR400 steel is.
Stacks of AR400 steel ready to be distributed
To keep it short and simple, AR is an acronym for Abrasion Resistant. Furthermore, the value 400 simply stands for the nominal hardness level of the steel.
You can easily identify and classify AR400 steel as a type of carbon steel.
a Wear Resistant Steel Plate
A wear resistant steel plate, also called an AR plate or an abrasion resistant plate, is steel that is comes in many different grades.
Example of what a wear resistant steel plate looks like
The main purpose of a wear resistant plate is to subdue premature wear that can be caused by various activities in different business sectors and industries.
What is an Abrasion Resistant Steel Plate?
It’s akin to what a wear resistant plate is.
Abrasion resistant steel plates, magnified
Furthermore, its main goal is to allow a part to be resistant even to harsh abrasion.
Composition of Wear Resistant Steel Plates
Different wear resistant plates are made up of different ingredients and components.
Abrasion resistant steel plates after heat treatment for composite integration
However, the most common and usual include:
Other Types of Alloys
Chromium (in some cases)
These have varying measurements and grades, which depend on the use and the functionality it will have.
AR400 Steel: What is it Used For?
AR400 is a type of abrasion resistant steel with a nominal hardness of 400 BHN.
An example of what AR400 steel looks like
You can choose to use AR400 in a wide scale of applications, including:
Serving as liners for heavy-duty and earth moving equipment
Additives for coal and mining equipment
Plates and wear material for buckets and excavator parts
Rifle range targets
And many more
The versatility of AR400 steel plates come from its hardness and overall flexibility.
Do You Need AR400 or an AR500 Steel Plate?
Choosing whether you need an AR400 or an AR500 wear resistant steel plate will depend on the application.
You would want to use AR400 steel if your activities will need high wear resistance levels. For instance, you can use AR400 to attach to digging blades and others of the like.
AR500, on the other hand, is perfect because of its high toughness and resistance levels. It’s harder, meaning, it’s a lot more brittle – and that basically means it’s not ideal for high impact applications and areas.
What is the Best Steel for Wear Resistance?
Out of the many different types and kinds of wear resistant steels, stainless steel remains to be the favorite.
Stainless steel stacked up onto one another
The shine and the ability of stainless steel to resist impact, corrosion, and abrasion make it the best nominee for wear resistance.
However, there are situations where other types of steel are more effective. So, you need to consider the application you would have for it.
Abrasion Resistant Steel Plate Manufacturers and Suppliers
You’ll be able to find many manufacturers of wear resistant steel plates over the internet.
There will never be a shortage of them – the only thing you have to take note of is who do you trust?
Some of the most popular wear resistant steel plate manufacturers include:
What is the Hardest Type of Metal?
There’s no specific answer to this question, but the metal with the alloy of nickel and iron are part of the hardest and the most reliable compounds.
Tungsten strips // Known to be the one of the hardest types of metal
If we were to consider this in our formula, the hardest would be tungsten, followed by chromium.
Again, you can play with the different factors that make up for the hardness of the metal.
What’s a Wear-Resistant Steel Chart?
It’s basically a chart that discusses a manufacturer’s catalog of wear resistant steel plates.
The earliest and the most classical form of wear-resistant steel charts only discuss the hardness of a material.
However, with the wear-resistant steel charts manufacturers have today, the following characteristics and traits are also seen:
What’s included in the chart will depend from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Purpose of a Wear-Resistant Steel Chart
The main goal of a wear-resistant steel chart is to educate a buyer about the specifications of the wear plate a manufacturer is offering.
By carefully checking and inspecting the chart, you’ll know everything about a certain product. You’ll have a view of how resistant it is to abrasion, impact, and temperature – and the like.
What is the AR600 Steel Plate?
The AR600 steel wear plate is known to be one of the most sought after wear plates.
Example of what an AR600 steel plate looks like
Because of the nominal hardness of 600 BHN that it has, it’s tough and durable; however, it’s also brittle and is not ideal in high impact situations.
AR600 Steel Plate for Sale
You can find a ton of AR600 steel plates for sale in the market. Just searching the internet can give you the answers you need.
There are a myriad of manufacturers and suppliers you can trust and bank on. However, you’ll be able to find the best and the most trusted ones in China.
Steel wear plates’ usual thickness ranges from 0.18 mm to 3.5 mm, with widths playing around the ranges of 1000 mm, 1200 mm, 1219 mm, 1250 mm, etc.
In addition to that, there are also manufacturers that offer customized steel plates!