Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipe – The All-Inclusive FAQ Guide
Many industries feel the need to utilize chromium carbide overlay pipes. Because of its structure and composition, they’re easily one, if not the most favorite type of pipes for industrial use.
In this guide, we’ll tackle everything you need to know about chromium carbide overlay pipes. We’ll be taking a look at all the things and information you need to know about it.
By the end of this guide, you’ll be able to decide where to get your CCO pipes from!
Let’s review each of them in details.
- Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipe – The All-Inclusive FAQ Guide
- Knowing What Chromium Carbide is
- Difference Between Abrasion and Corrosion Resistance in Overlay Pipes
- Stainless Steel Pipes vs. CCO Pipes
- What are CCO Pipes?
- What are Induction Hardened Pipes?
- Hardened Steel Pipes vs. Steel Tubes
- What is a Ceramic Lined Pipe?
- Features and Properties of CCO Pipes
- Advantages of Using Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes
- Can You Customize Sizes of CCO Pipes?
- How Can You Choose the Right Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes?
- What are Ceramic Pipes?
- Are CCO Pipes Formable?
- Which Industries Use Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes?
- What are the Most Common Applications of CCO Pipes?
- What is a Clad Pipe?
- What is SGP Pipe Material?
- How is a Clad Pipe Manufactured?
- How are Clad Pipes Installed?
- What is an Inconel Clad Pipe?
- Advantages of Inconel Clad Pipes
- Why is a Clad Pipe Important in the Oil Industry
- Pipe Coating vs. Pipe Cladding
- How is a Clad Pipe Metallurgically Bonded?
- Difference Between Mechanical and Metallurgical Bond
- What is Pipe Cladding?
- What is the Cladding Pipe Process?
- Where Can You Apply and Use Clad Pipes?
- What are the Different Pipe Cladding Methods?
- Weld Overlay
- What is Overlay?
- Is Overlay the Same as Cladding Pipes?
- What is CRA Cladding?
- What are Clad Materials?
- What is Pipe Lining?
- Why is Cladding Pipes Important in the Oil and Gas Industry?
- Is Pipe Lining and Pipe Cladding the Same?
- What are the Advantages of Cladding Pipes?
- What are the Disadvantages of Cladding Pipes?
- Who Can You Trust in Manufacturing Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes?
- Why Choose Waldun For Your CCO Pipes?
- Customized CCO Pipes
Knowing What Chromium Carbide is
What’s the first thing you think of when you hear chromium carbide?Raw form of chromium carbide (non-powder form)
In reality, chromium carbide is a compound made up of parts of chromium and carbon. You can distinguish it because it’s an extra hard compound that is corrosion and abrasion resistant.
You can use it for many things; but, the most effective use it has is to serve as a coating for some parts and components.
Difference Between Abrasion and Corrosion Resistance in Overlay Pipes
Both are types of wear, which can damage parts or components of your machines.These pipes are resistant to abrasion and other similar types of friction (inside and outside)
But what are their differences when it comes to resistance and some other properties?
You can define abrasion resistance as the ability to resist being worn out by abrasion (friction or rubbing).
It can happen when a material runs on another material; or when grit, dust, and other particles are trapped up and moved against the material.
Corrosion, on the other hand, is the type of wear that refers to chemical reactions or oxidation. Therefore, you can easily define corrosion resistance as a material’s ability to resist rust; or to resist being oxidized.
Stainless Steel Pipes vs. CCO Pipes
One of the biggest discussions is whether to use stainless steel pipes or CCO pipes.
Example of pipes made of stainless steel
How can you benefit from using each of them?
Here are some of the benefits of using stainless steel (ss) pipes.
Advantages of Stainless Steel Pipes
- Best Choice for High Temperatures
- UV Radiation Resistance
- Highly Durable
- Resistant Against Stains, Corrosion, and Rust
- Can Withstand Extreme Weather Conditions
Those are the benefits you get if you use stainless steel pipes. What about CCO or chromium carbide overlay pipes?
Advantages of CCO Pipes
- Chemical and Corrosion Resistant
- All Joints are Leak-Free
- Longer and More Durable Service Life
- Better and Faster Installation
Both are strong, however, not both of them have the same features and functionalities.
Your choice will most likely depend on the type of use you have for it.
What are CCO Pipes?
CCO is just a shorter term for chromium carbide overlay.Chromium Carbide Overlay (CCO) Pipes
So, CCO pipes are also chromium carbide overlay pipes.
What are Induction Hardened Pipes?
Induction hardened pipes are a lot like CCO pipes.These are induction hardened pipes that are hardened through magnetic means
But, they’re actually different because they’re not made out of chromium carbide. Instead, they’re hardened through martensitic transformation.
Hardened Steel Pipes vs. Steel Tubes
A lot of people think that pipes and tubes are all the same – they’re actually not.Hardened Steel tubes in different shapes
Hardened steel pipes are tubular tools that are round that you use for distribution and transportation of gases and fluids.
9 times out of 10, they take the shape of a round object.
In contrast, hardened steel tubes can be round, rectangular, or oval. Unlike pipes, you can’t rely on tubes for distribution; you use it for connecting, linking, etc.
What is a Ceramic Lined Pipe?
Ceramic lined pipes are pipes with a lining of ceramic from within the inside or the exterior.Pipe with an interior ceramic lining
You can use ceramic lined pipes in transporting materials that are abrasive and that can cause your pipes to undergo wear faster.
Its main use is for distributing materials that have high levels of friction and abrasion.
Features and Properties of CCO Pipes
Choosing to utilize chromium carbide pipes for overlaying is a win-win for you. It’s because of the following features of these pipes:Large CCO pipes that are ready for distribution
Extreme Shock and Wear Resistance
Chromium carbide pipes are well known for their ability to resist wear. This can include:
In addition to that, you can also use them excellently in resisting shocks, cracks, and other forms of damages.
That doesn’t mean they’re invincible; CCO pipes just have higher resistance; which can withstand them longer.
Flexible and Versatile
Unlike regular pipes, you don’t have to worry about the industry you’re in.
Pipes that are made out of chromium carbide exteriors are flexible and versatile; you can use them whatever your industry or sector is.
Stronger and Longer-Lasting
At first glance, it might seem that CCO pipes are expensive. But, if you consider the fact that you’ll be able to utilize them more and longer, you wouldn’t worry about the cost!
The price might be as twice as expensive than regular and traditional pipes. But, you’ll be able to use them up to 5 times longer!
Those are just some of the features and advantages of utilizing chromium carbide overlay pipes.
Advantages of Using Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes
Now that you know what the features of CCO pipes are, what advantages can you get from using them?One big advantage of CCO pipes is overall strength
Some of the advantages considered by many include:
Less Machine Work
Regular pipes need to undergo strict quality control, especially before utilization. This will involve using a lot of machines and equipment to check.
But, if you choose to use CCO pipes, it can help you use fewer machines at less instances.
Apart from the fact that they’re simple to manufacture and create, you wouldn’t also have problems in integrating it to your systems.
Chromium carbide overlay pipes are strong, durable, and highly resistant to wear. At the same time, they’re simple materials and objects you can utilize.
You can purchase chromium carbide pipes for overlaying can help you save more money. How? – Because they can last up to 5 times as much as regular or traditional pipes!
You might see them expensively, but in reality, they’re more cost-effective and cost-efficient.
Can You Customize Sizes of CCO Pipes?
Yes, you can send your manufacturer a request of customizing the size of your CCO pipes.Different styles and types of chromium carbide overlay pipes you can customize
While there are manufacturers that stick to what they’ve already made, there are those that can help you in customizing the shape, size, and the diameter of your pipes.
How Can You Choose the Right Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes?
Purchasing the correct chromium carbide pipes for overlaying is not luck – it’s pure skill.Close-up view of a CCO pipe: Excellent for reinforcing strength and durability
There are a couple of things you need to know in order for you to land on the most accurate CCO pipe you can find in the market.
Here’s the simplest, yet the most effective way on how you can get the best CCO pipes for your operations.
Decide on What You Need
Make sure that all your decisions are final and that you don’t need any changes, whatsoever.
This first step is finalizing the types and the kinds of pipes you’ll be using. The next step is…
Ask a Lot of Questions
Asking questions isn’t something that ignorant people do – in fact, smart people utilize questions to narrow down options and choices.
Don’t be shy or afraid to ask a supplier or a manufacturer about what you need; the more specific, the better.
You can ask questions about the size, the type of wear, the hardness level, brittleness, etc.
All manufacturers would appreciate this and can even commend you for doing so. Why? – Because this is less work for them because they need not to guess what you are in need of.
Locate the Best Manufacturer
Finding the right manufacturer is like picking a needle from a haystack.
But, when you find the best in your league, you’ll be surprised at the results you’re going to get.
Never settle on some of the things, short of what you need. Make sure that you get everything you need exactly like how you need or want them.
What are Ceramic Pipes?
Ceramic pipes are pipes that are made out of ceramic.Collection of ceramic pipes
They’re engineered and designed to be able to withstand the harshness of abrasion and friction.
Are CCO Pipes Formable?
It’s not uncommon for people to doubt the formability or flexibility of CCO pipes.
But, to tell you the truth, not all CCO pipes are formable. Yes, there are a dozen manufacturers that can create this beautifully, but not all have the skill.
So, it’ll be down to the manufacturer of your choice whether or not they can make your chromium carbide pipes for overlaying formable.
Which Industries Use Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes?
Many industries need to use CCO pipes – some just don’t know it yet.The mining industry utilizing chromium carbide overlay plates for their operations
But, the following industries usually use chromium carbide overlay pipes for their systems:
- Chemical and Petrochemical Industries
- Manufacturing Industries
- Oil & Gas Industries
- Aerospace and Automotive Industries
- Coal and Oil Mining Industries
- Maritime and Marine Industries
- And Many More
If you’re engaged in a sector where there are high chances of wear, using chromium carbide overlay pipes would be the best thing to do.
What are the Most Common Applications of CCO Pipes?
How would you use chromium carbide overlay pipes?
The most common uses or applications for it include:
- Transportation of highly abrasive media like powder, ash, gypsum, etc.
- Distribution of chemical units to avoid corrosion and oxidation
- Used in tank vessels to withstand high impacts and temperatures
- Other environments where there are agents that can cause corrosion and wear
Chromium carbide overlay pipes aren’t just limited to transportation of media. In fact, you can use it in many different applications – like the ones listed above!
What is a Clad Pipe?
Clad pipes are materials formed from bonding a pipe and a cladding material, metallurgically.Examples of clad pipes nearing the finishing or the finalization stage
The majority of clad pipes globally manufactured are used in natural gas industries, as well as chemical and oil refineries because of their high resistance to pressure and temperature.
What is SGP Pipe Material?
Also known as carbon steel pipe for ordinary piping, is a type of piping material galvanized of zin-coating.SGP or carbon steel pipes that are being prepared for distribution
You’d use an SGP pipe materials in a wide array of applications, including:
- Non-water supply piping
- Fire fighting
- Industrial water services
- Wastewater services
- Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC); and
How is a Clad Pipe Manufactured?
As opposed to how many people think, a clad pipe isn’t manufactured like how regular pipes are.A process in clad pipe manufacturing where the corrosion resistant alloy (CRA) is applied
Here’s the simplest summary for you to understand how a clad pipe is manufactured:
- The clad plates are prepared and treated accordingly for the process
- Our raw materials are consisted of a base or a parent material plus a corrosion resistant alloy (CRA)
- Using press brakes and other equipment of the likes, the plates are individually formed
- Once formed, the insides of the newly-formed pipe are grit blasted
- The CRA material is applied within the diameter of the pipe
- After application, it’s fused via metallurgical bonding
- The entire output is treated and is tested before being sent to factories for distribution
How are Clad Pipes Installed?
You’ll be able to install clad pipes easy – even easier if you’re certain with the sizes and measurements.An installed clad pipe used for transporting fluids and gasses
Installing clad pipes does not fall far from how you would install regular pipe and tube fittings.
For large-diameter pipes, though, you would need certain machines to help you with lifting and positioning.
What is an Inconel Clad Pipe?
Inconel is a family or a group of superalloys that have nickel-chromium as its base.Inconel that is applied and/or deposited to a base or a parent metal
The term “Inconel” is a registered trademark for this specific collection of superalloys.
That brings us to an Inconel clad pipe being a pipe, with Inconel as its cladding within the diameter.
So why do businesses and companies utilize an Inconel clad pipe? They do so because of the following perks and benefits:
Advantages of Inconel Clad Pipes
Inconel clad pipes that would be used for marine or underwater applications
Reduction of Project Costs
Many businesses confirmed that Inconel cladding has helped them save a lot of money; this is in comparison to producing solid alloy components.
Not only does it save costs – there are other benefits too!
Best Used in Subsea and Offshore Environments
Any type of Inconel is a superalloy that contains agents that prevent corrosion and oxidation.
Therefore, Inconel clad pipes are best for a wide variety of marine and underwater applications, including:
- Shipbuilding and shipyard applications
- Petrochemical industry
- Oil and gas industries
Did you know that refurbishing a clad pipe with Inconel will bring certification?
This is a practice that has been observed for many years, and it’s still going to continue because of Inconel’s properties.
These are just some of the most common advantages of utilizing Inconel clad pipes, there are many more!
Why is a Clad Pipe Important in the Oil Industry
Corrosion is among the biggest enemies of pipes, tubes, and other types of fitting.Clad pipes that have been installed to move fluids and gasses from one point to another
In fact, corrosion accounts up to $2.2 trillion as a whole.
The oil industry is an industry where chemical reactions take place more often than we expect, and therefore, a clad pipe is best for that.
Because pipe cladding produces corrosion-resistant pipes, you wouldn’t have to worry about whatever type of fluid your pipes will ever experience.
Furthermore, clad pipes will be able to resist higher temperatures, bigger impacts, and environments where wear is more susceptible.
Pipe Coating vs. Pipe Cladding
How does pipe cladding and pipe coating differ? Aren’t they the same process? – No, they’re not.Pipe used for earth purposes being coated via a thermal or a fuse spray
While they hold a lot of similarities, both procedures are distinct from one another.
Pipe coating can give you a ton of advantages, such as making a pipe corrosion resistant. But, its application is only on the surface of the pipe or tube.
No metallurgical bonding is required! Sometimes, the use of thermal and fuse sprays is all you need!
Pipe cladding, on the contrary, is a process that involves a metallurgical bonding of the pipe with a corrosion resistant alloy. Oftentimes, the clad material is deposited and applied within the inner diameter of the pipe or the tube.
How is a Clad Pipe Metallurgically Bonded?
A phase in metallurgical bonding of a thin pipe
Since the discovery of metalurgically bonding clad pipes, many companies and businesses have used varying methods of metallurgically bonding.
- Centrifugal Casting
- Weld Cladding
Difference Between Mechanical and Metallurgical Bond
The two (2) terms fit well with one another. In fact, you don’t have to be a physics expert if you want to define each of them.
Mechanical bonding is a type of fusing technique, which is an entanglement of two (2) or more parts. These parts are fused without altering the chemical composition or bonds that the materials have.
For you to understand it easier, you can imagine it as applying or putting cheese or butter on a bread slice.
Metallurgical bonding, on the other hand, is a procedure that gives you a better guarantee of the output. It’s the result of chemical bonding of two (2) metals that can be dissimilar with one another.
There are a lot of clues in distinguishing a metallurgical bond from a mechanical bond; this is the easiest.
What is Pipe Cladding?
Pipe cladding simply is the process of applying cladding material to a pipe.
It usually is a metallurgical attachment of clad material to a pipe.
What is the Cladding Pipe Process?The general cladding pipe process is quite simple and easy-to-understand. It goes as follows:
- One or more metals are selected to be joined together
- You’ll join these metals by welding it to the surface of the parent material
- This process is done to improve the material in all angles and aspects
Where Can You Apply and Use Clad Pipes?
You can use cladded pipes mostly in certain situations and scenarios, where there is:
- High Pressure
- Dynamic and High Stress
- High Levels of Corrosiveness and Abrasion
- High Temperatures
In addition to that, cladding pipe is highly beneficial for certain industries like:
- Mining Industry
- Gas and Oil Industry
- Manufacturing Industry
- And Others
What are the Different Pipe Cladding Methods?
The different methods you can take in cladding pipe are: Hot Rolling It’s a process where the pipe is bonded with the clad by heating the base metal. You would allow the base metal to pass through hot rollers, and thus, the hot rolling process. Explosion Bonding This process involves explosives and the process is simple:
- The steel pipe would be lined with the cladding
- Calculated explosives would be placed on the cladding surface
- With heat and pressure combined, the explosion would bond the pipe and the clad together
Powder Metallurgy In this process, you will use a layer of powdered material on the interior part of the pipe. Then, you’ll melt the material via electrical currents, heat, lasers, or other mediums. Coextrusion This process uses molten or near molten metal, creating extruded pipes. Coextrusion means that the cladding pipe is made through both the liner and the exterior pipe at the same time.
Weld overlay is a process that is the deposition of materials to a surface or a parent material.
More often than not, you would use materials with the same properties as the workpiece. This enhances the base metal.
What is Overlay?
Overlay is the process of covering something up using coating material through welding. In overlay, you ought to use metals with the same characteristics to that of parent workpiece.
Is Overlay the Same as Cladding Pipes?
No, weld overlay and pipe cladding are two different processes. They have the same goal, but you’d do each of them in a different manner. Pipe cladding is the process of applying protective material over the surface of the base metal. The use of cladding is to deposit abrasion and corrosion resistant properties to the surface. Weld overlay is a process of improving prudent properties of the base metal itself. It is done by depositing metals with the same characteristics that of the parent material.
What is CRA Cladding?
CRA cladding is the type of cladding that uses CRA material to cover and protect the surface. Short for corrosion resistant alloy, you would need CRA cladding if you aim for highly-corrosion resistant properties.
What are Clad Materials?
Clad materials are materials that fuse two or more metal types through bonding. These clad materials you can make will have unique properties coming from the metals used.
What is Pipe Lining?
Pipe lining is a process that you can do to restore pipes that have been subject to wear. You can perform pipe lining by coating the pipes’ interior to create longer-lasting material.
Why is Cladding Pipes Important in the Oil and Gas Industry?
The oil and the gas industries are the industries that are most prone to corrosion. Both industries deposit high levels of sulfur and carbon dioxide. Because of this, corrosion in their parts and materials is easy. If you’re in the business and you need to create more corrosion-resistant pipes, pipe cladding is the way to go.
Is Pipe Lining and Pipe Cladding the Same?
No, cladding pipes and lining pipes are not the same. They are two different methods that have different outcomes. Pipe lining refers to a process where you bond a pipe and a line material. Pipe cladding is the process in which you would bond cladding material and a pipe. The goal of the former is to withstand rough and absurd chemical environments. Cladding pipes is used mainly to resist corrosion in high stress and high temperature environments.
What are the Advantages of Cladding Pipes?
Some of the pros or advantages of cladding pipes include:
- Improved crack and wear resistance
- It’ll be able to withstand extreme temperatures, pressure, and stress
- Provides air and chemical pollution resistance
- More workable with high heat
What are the Disadvantages of Cladding Pipes?The cons or the disadvantages of cladding pipe are:
- More expensive than the regular pipe lining process
- Requires higher grade materials that are hard to find
- Needs excellent and accurate welding skills to pursue
Who Can You Trust in Manufacturing Chromium Carbide Overlay Pipes?
There are a lot of manufacturers of CCO pipes you can trust and turn to. But if you’re looking for the best where you can get reasonable rates, don’t hesitate to look in China.
China is one of the best places to go to if you’re sourcing for chromium carbide pipes for overlaying.
And in the country, no other supplier is trusted but us here at Waldun.
For many years, Waldun has been the top and the most trusted chromium carbide overlay pipe manufacturer. We’re able to provide our clients with the exact type of pipes they need for their business!
Why Choose Waldun For Your CCO Pipes?
We wouldn’t be trusted if it weren’t for the hardwork of our personnel. But, that’s not the only thing that kept us at the top of the industry’s ladder.
In addition to that, Waldun is also the manufacturer/supplier that is:
- ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 certified, making sure all processes meet client expectations
- Able to provide free samples of the products/orders you need
- We’ll be able to deliver all your orders within 15 to 20 days
- All products are polished and finalized before delivery
- Treated as the top CCO pipe and plate manufacturer in China
Customized CCO Pipes
If you need your chromium carbide overlay pipes to be custom made, don’t worry about it – we here at Waldun got it all for you!
Waldun currently houses an excellent Research & Development (R&D) team that you can trust and work with to specify the CCO pipes that you’re in dire need of.
You can sketch it out and we can make it a reality for you!
Do not ever hesitate to work with the best and the most trusted chromium carbide overlay pipe manufacturer in the market! Get what you need for a competitive price!