Wear Resistant Plate | Hardfacing Wear Plate

If you’re looking for a wear resistant plate supplier to provide you wear plates and abrasion resistant steel parts, you are in the right place.

Even the abrasion resistant steel wear plates are very mature nowadays, WALDUN can always endeavour to do the wear resistant plates products better.

Besides the best solution and good service, we also can provide competitive rates for wear plates and abrasion resistant steel parts.

WALDUN will help your choose the right and best wear products for you, manufacture wear plates and abrasion resistant steel parts with WALDUN R&D machinery, and help your importing from China to your factory.

what is wear plate

Wear plates and wear steel parts are used in many applications where friction between two parts or materials creates degradation.

Its wear-resistant chromium carbide alloys with 4.5 to 5% carbon added to sturdy carbon steel substrates.Wear plates are expendable items that are used to prevent excessive wear or damage to expensive equipment.

Abrasion resistant steel wear plate may bolt onto a machine that slides or rotates in a manufacturing process, while they can also be found where manufactured parts or minerals are regularly rubbing or abrasively contacting the surface.

Wear plate is commonly a type of abrasion resistant steel plate that is considered extremely durable, especially under harsh conditions.

However, various significant refinements and strategies have occurred. And as of present, the range of overlay wear plate accessible includes chromium and tungsten carbide grades, which possess excellent resistance to abrasion, impact, and erosion even at both ambient and elevated temperatures.

Meanwhile, in the more significant part of critical abrasion surroundings, the chromium carbide alloys are the primary profitable solution.

What types of material are wear resistant plate made of?

  • Alloy Chemistry

    The highest ordinary used alloy facing is a high chromium iron consists of precisely 1/3 of Chromium and in surplus of 4% combined carbon.

    WALDUN is making this to correlate to CCO plate with the chemistry of Chromium of 34.0%, carbon of 5.4%, Manganese of 3.5%, and the others at 1.3%, Balance Fe.

    Meanwhile, this standard alloy can be changed in many different ways; it can improve the abrasion resistance while lowering the toughness, or the other way round. On the contrary, the matrix can be made harder by reducing the manganese to 1%, with some reduction in firmness. Also, further refinement may be accomplished by the addition of other alloying elements.

  • Carbides

    The substance that provides high chromium powder alloys with their capability to withstand abrasion is the establishment of primary carbides from a chemical compound of iron, Chromium, and carbon, or iron, Chromium, or carbide, which is also known as chromium carbide. Pure, high rate chromium carbide can be manufactured; however, it is costly for large-area preservation, so WALDUN makes use of mixed carbide, which involves both Chromium and iron. This makes up the primary carbide with the formula M7C3, where M specifies the mixture of metal and Chromium in the compound.

  • Hardness

    A standard overlay alloy consists of a compound of chromium carbides in a matrix of a chromium iron-carbon alloy. The hardness of primary chromium carbides is proportionate of 1700HV correlate with. For instance, ordinary workshop steel files, with firmness of 600HV. In general, the hardness of these alloys can be calculated using a Rockwell hardness tester. Even though it neither measures the carbide or the matrix, it gives an agreeable general proof of the hardness of the alloy. An average value of being 54-60 HRC.

  • Microstructure

    In the extension of chemistry, the most significant characteristic of the alloy overlay is its microstructure. Hence, when checked out under a microscope, the carbides will take the form of white substance against a dark background, that that’s the matrix. A perfect microstructure, for more excellent abrasion resistance, must have a dense array of needle-like carbides that, in cross-segment, look as slender hexagons with a small hole in the middle.

    Moreover, whenever you notice an appearance of uneven shaped spots or avenues of white. Such as either ladder, fish-bone patterns, or central poles with rungs on any of the sides. This is a sure sign that the carbon content is beneath optimum for high abrasion resistance, but it has also improved impact-resistant properties.

How we supply for wear resistant plate?

  1. Welding wire: We manufacture welding wire by our own selves, with strict rule on the alloy composition.
  2. Base Plates: We get all our base plates from China’s biggest steel Mills and are restricted to our strict quality assurance procedure.
  3. R&D Team: We provide an R&D team on both equipment and hardfacing technology.
  4. Customized Wear Products: We also supply customized Wear products in line with our customers’ demand.
  5. Delivery: We guarantee an on-time delivery accompanied by a flexible payment plan.
  6. Our company welcomes Fob, EXWORK, CIF and other trade terms.
  7. The packing is strictly in line with the customs requirements.

What else should I know before I order my hardfacing wear plate?

You should know the what hardness of the plate is and what the intent is of the liner. The harder the plate that is used, the longer it will last in service, but there are trade-offs. For some parts, you will need a softer material that is intended to wear out before your primary surface.

Our Working Videos:




Ordering a wear plate from WALDUN

In some cases, we can modify your equipment to incorporate these liner plates when not in the original equipment design. If your equipment has lost some efficiency or does not hold the same tolerances as new, inspect the worn parts. There could be an easy and cost effective fix to the problem.

Wear Resistant Plate – The Ultimate FAQ Guide

Are you currently engaged in business with a construction company? Does your business utilize heavy-duty machineries that are always exposed to various types of damages?

Keeping your equipment safe isn’t only practical; it can also be a stress reliever.

Running a business that relies on machinery should always have a keen eye on it 24/7.

To help you with that dilemma, you can at least consider getting wear resistant plates for your equipment that are always engaged in high-impact types of services.

This article will be focused on that.

We’ll be giving you the comprehensive guide on what AR plates are and wear resistant plates are.

Understanding What a Wear Resistant Steel Plate Is  

It is a material that is a material that’s main purpose is to add resistance to a base metal.

Wear Resistant Plate

Usually, wear resistant steel plates are alloys that contain high carbon levels. A wear resistant steel plate is what you need if you look to achieve the following:

  • Increase Hardness and Toughness
  • Improve and Develop Safety and Durability
  • Reduce Maintenance Costs
  • Among Others

What are the Different Grades and Types of Steel?

The different types of steel plates are Stainless Steel, Tool Steel, Alloy Steel, and Carbon Steel.

Types and Grades of Steel

For the grades, however, there are more than 3,000 different steel grades. The four mentioned above are just the classifications.

What is Abrasion in Metalworking?

Abrasion is known as the procedure of wearing down of a material.

You can get it in the forms of scratching, rubbing away, friction, and scuffing steel or metal.

It’s often linked to damage and wear of a certain part or material.

Where Can Wear Resistant or Abrasion Resistant Steel be Applied to?

Wear resistant steel plate can be applied to a wide variety of machines and equipment.

Abrasion Resistant Steel Application

The most common ones would include those with higher weight and stress such as:

  • Conveyor Belts
  • Dump Liners and Beds
  • Attachments to Construction Equipment
  • And Many More

NOTE: While AR plates increase resistance and toughness, it reduces overall strength. This makes it not fit for construction activities with high levels of impact.

Is Wear Resistant The Same as an Abrasion Resistant (AR) Plate?

Yes, a wear resistant steel plate is technically the same thing as an Abrasion Resistant (AR) plate.

AR Plate

They’re usually intertwined because the majority of wear plates promote its property of being more resistant to abrasion.

Understanding What Abrasion Resistant Materials Are

They are the materials that you use to improve and enhance the durability of a part.

Steel Warehouse Tata Steel 2

Due to its high carbon composition, it’s made shapeable and more weather resistant.

What Does the HB Mean in Metalworking?

In the welding or the metalworking industry, you use HB as the measurement of hardness.

Brinell Hardness

It is the Brinell Hardness Number and it’s gotten through the division of the applied force to the diameter in mm and the depression in mm.

How Are Wear Resistant Steel Plates Made?

Similar to how most metals and steels are made, you can make them through quenching and tempering.

Quenching and Tempering

Quenching is the process of cooling a material or workpiece in water in a fast manner.

Tempering, then, is the process of treating the material by heating it to a higher temperature in the air.

When a piece is heated and quenched, that is the time when the crystal structures in the material are formed; and, this is what increases the hardness of the metal.

Reheating it again breaks the structures, along with the crystals made – which is responsible for the malleability of the material.

Repetition is what makes it hard, tough, and more challenging to break.


A wear resistant steel plate, also called an AR plate or an abrasion resistant plate, is steel that is comes in many different grades.

tiff infomation

tiff infomation

Example of what a wear resistant steel plate looks like

The main purpose of a wear resistant plate is to subdue premature wear that can be caused by various activities in different business sectors and industries.


It’s akin to what a wear resistant plate is.

Abrasion resistant steel plates, magnified

What is an Abrasion Resistant Steel Plate

Furthermore, its main goal is to allow a part to be resistant even to harsh abrasion.


Different wear resistant plates are made up of different ingredients and components.

Composition of Wear Resistant Steel Plates

Abrasion resistant steel plates after heat treatment for composite integration

However, the most common and usual include:

  • Carbon
  • Iron
  • Other Types of Alloys
  • Chromium (in some cases)

These have varying measurements and grades, which depend on the use and the functionality it will have.


AR400 is a type of abrasion resistant steel with a nominal hardness of 400 BHN.

AR400 Steel What is it Used For

An example of what AR400 steel looks like

You can choose to use AR400 in a wide scale of applications, including:

  • Serving as liners for heavy-duty and earth moving equipment
  • Additives for coal and mining equipment
  • Plates and wear material for buckets and excavator parts
  • Rifle range targets
  • And many more

The versatility of AR400 steel plates come from its hardness and overall flexibility.


Choosing whether you need an AR400 or an AR500 wear resistant steel plate will depend on the application.

You would want to use AR400 steel if your activities will need high wear resistance levels. For instance, you can use AR400 to attach to digging blades and others of the like.

AR500, on the other hand, is perfect because of its high toughness and resistance levels. It’s harder, meaning, it’s a lot more brittle – and that basically means it’s not ideal for high impact applications and areas.


Out of the many different types and kinds of wear resistant steels, stainless steel remains to be the favorite.

What is the Best Steel for Wear Resistance

Stainless steel stacked up onto one another

The shine and the ability of stainless steel to resist impact, corrosion, and abrasion make it the best nominee for wear resistance.

However, there are situations where other types of steel are more effective. So, you need to consider the application you would have for it.


You’ll be able to find many manufacturers of wear resistant steel plates over the internet.

There will never be a shortage of them – the only thing you have to take note of is who do you trust?

Some of the most popular wear resistant steel plate manufacturers include:

  • QT-Plus
  • Fusion
  • Duracorr


There’s no specific answer to this question, but the metal with the alloy of nickel and iron are part of the hardest and the most reliable compounds.

What is the Hardest Type of Metal

Tungsten strips // Known to be the one of the hardest types of metal

If we were to consider this in our formula, the hardest would be tungsten, followed by chromium.

Again, you can play with the different factors that make up for the hardness of the metal.


In sourcing out for the best wear resistant steel plate manufacturer, China would be your best choice.

Here in the country, there are loads of wear resistant steel plate manufacturers. There are those with unrelenting experience, and those that are new to the industry.

If you are to source and find out where you can locate the best, don’t think twice in choosing China.


There are a couple of factors you need to consider in choosing your wear resistant steel plate.

Understanding the Grades of Steel

By knowing and fully understanding the different grades of steel, you’d already know whether or not it’ll be able to support your needs.

Try to ask your manufacturer for the list of steel grades they have for the products they’re offering.

Applications You Can Have For It

What will you be using it for? Would it involve heavy impact and/or temperature? Or do you need it for friction and abrasion resistance?

One key in finding out the best wear resistant plate is to know the applications you will have for it by heart.

Here at Waldun, we have a wide variety of wear resistant steel plates. We have CCO or Chromium Carbide Overlay plates, Tungsten Carbide Plates – we can even customize a particular plate for your needs.

What Makes a Metal Abrasion Resistant?

Carbon is the element that makes up the abrasion resistance of alloys and steel.

What Makes A Metal Abrasion Resistant Abrasion resistant plates stacked up, ready for distribution

This is the reason why steels and metals with high carbon content are able to resist wear and abrasion more effective than those that have little amounts.

What are Grades in Abrasion Resistant Steel?

Steel is not something that’s singular – there’s a wide array of types with varying properties.

What Are Grades In Abrasion Resistant Steel AR450 steel, it has a grade of 450

In order for you to easily distinguish these properties, they’re categorized via “grade.”

Steel grade is the categorization you use to identify the different types of steel; they’re classified depending on the unique properties that they have.

Examples of Abrasion Resistant Steel Grades

Now that you know what steel grade is, there also are grades when it comes to abrasion resistant steel.

Some of the most common steel grades include the AR400, AR450, AR250, AR500, etc.

The higher the number or the grade is, the harder the steel is – but it doesn’t mean it’s better because the harder the steel, the more brittle it gets.

Is Hardox Steel Abrasion Resistant Steel?

Yes, Hardox steel, whether it’s Hardox 400, Hardox 450, Hardox 500, etc., it’s abrasion resistant.

Is Hardox Steel Abrasion Resistant Steel Hardox 500 plates ready for use and distribution

In fact, you can place it in the rankings of the best and the most abrasion and wear resistant steels in the market.

Composition of Abrasion Resistant Steel

Different types and kinds of Abrasion resistant steel have different compositions.

But, the most common and the most typical elements and compounds include:

  • Carbon (C)
  • Silicon (Si)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Nickel (Ni)
  • Chromium (Cr)
  • Boron (B)
  • Sulfur (S)

But, these aren’t the only elements and compounds used in the manufacturing and the production of Abrasion resistant steel.

There are some manufacturers that experiment by using other materials and compounds for their abrasion and wear resistant plates.

Can You Cut Abrasion Resistant Steel?

Abrasion resistant steel resist abrasion, as well as other kinds of wear; but that doesn’t mean that you wouldn’t be able to cut it.

Can You Cut Abrasion Resistant Steel Cutting of abrasion resistant steel

You can achieve the act of cutting abrasion resistant steel if you use the correct materials and cutting procedures – laser cutting, among others.

Two-Body vs. Three-Body Abrasion

Little did we know that abrasion, one of the most common types of wear, can be categorized into two different categories: two (2) body and three (3) body.

Two Vs. Three Body Abrasive Visual difference between 2 and 3-body abrasion

Two-body abrasion is the type of abrasion where surfaces slide off of each other; in which one of the surfaces dig and remove material off of the other.

Three-body abrasion, on the other hand, is the type of abrasion where material from both surfaces remove either from their own surfaces or from both.

If you use abrasion resistant steel, you can be safe from any of these types of abrasion.

Applications of Abrasion Resistant Steel Plate

We know abrasion resistant plates to be an excellent agent for resisting wear and abrasion – but where can you find it useful?

Applications Of Ar Steel Plate Abrasion resistant steel plate being used for the protection of a heavy-earth moving machine part

Which industries can utilize Abrasion resistant steel plates? Industries such as the following can find abrasion resistant steel beneficial for their processes:

  • Infrastructure Industry
  • Power Generation and Energy Industry
  • Industrial Manufacturing
  • Construction and Structural Industry
  • Coal Mining Industry
  • Cement Industry
  • Many More

You can also choose to use AR steel plates to lengthen the lifespan of your parts and components, renew, restore, or rehabilitate worn-out parts, and to clad parts of heavy-duty and industrial machinery.

AR steel plates are flexible and versatile – you can use them in a lot of different applications.

Is Abrasion Resistant Steel Impact Resistant?

Yes – but it will depend on the hardness level of a particular AR steel.

As we can remember, the higher the hardness level of AR steel, the more likely it is to break when it undergoes a certain degree of impact.

For instance, a steel plate might be hard, but it might not perform well under strong and heavy impact.

However, all AR steel grades are resistant to a particular impact degree.

Importance of Abrasion Resistant Steel in the Construction Industry

It’s a no-brainer to think that steel that is able to resist abrasion is an important element in the structural or the construction industry.

Importance Of Ar Steel In Construction Broken excavator without lining of AR steel

Because of its strength and durability against a wide variety of wear, it’s the most selected type of steel used in a lot of equipment such as heavy earth moving machinery, bulldozers, loaders, excavators, tractors, etc.

Without AR steel, parts of these machines that are exposed to a lot of movement, impact, and friction can wear out and be damaged easily.

Is There an AR600 Steel Plate?

While many AR steel manufacturers have AR500 as their highest abrasion resistant steel grade, AR600 grade is existent.

There are few select manufacturers that are skilled in producing AR600 steel plates – and we here at Waldun can help you with it too.

For many years, we here at Waldun have been the best and the most reliable manufacturer of abrasion resistant steel.

You can bank and trust us to produce and manufacture the specific type of AR steel you need!

Through the help and the assistance of our Research & Development (R&D) Team, we can specify and create whatever type and kind of AR steel you need!

Is AR400 Better Than AR500?

AR400 and AR500 plates are AR plates that are 400 and 500 BHN, respectively.


The use of AR400 is in high wear resistance and is perfect for mining machinery and heavy-duty machinery.

AR500, on the other hand, is designed for impact and fatigue resistance, wear, corrosion, and abrasion resistance, and the like.

What’s the F in AR400F and AR500F?

Classifying wear resistant steel plates usually have the letter “F” at the suffix of their name. Although it’s not anymore that recognized today, it was a big thing before as it meant that a steel plate is “formable.”

It means that a material can be bent and folded to a degree without cracking or breaking.

Which Industries Can Find the Most Use of Wear Resistant Steel Plates?

Wear Resistant Plates Industry

The outstanding properties that wear resistant steel plates have make it functional and useful in the following industries:

  • Heavy-Machinery Type of Industries
  • Mining and Milling Industries
  • For Funnels, Feeders, and Other Industrial Equipment
  • Earth Moving
  • And Many More

The hardness that it offers makes it the best type of material for some industries. You can use it to prevent and deter wear to your equipment, parts, and machines.

What Benefits Can You Get From Wear Resistant or Abrasion Resistant Steel Plates?

By using Abrasion Resistant steel plates, you’ll never have to think about damage and wear.

Benefits of AR Steel Plates

As a matter of fact, what you will be focusing on would be the output quality. Some of the most common benefits that you can get from using wear resistant steel plates include:

  • Reduced costs for new equipment and machineries
  • Higher capacity of work
  • Longer lifespan of parts and components
  • Continuous usage of machines
  • And many more

What is AR400 Steel?

Many of you might still be confused about what AR400 steel is.

What is AR400 Steel_
Stacks of AR400 steel ready to be distributed

To keep it short and simple, AR is an acronym for Abrasion Resistant. Furthermore, the value 400 simply stands for the nominal hardness level of the steel.

You can easily identify and classify AR400 steel as a type of carbon steel.

What’s a Wear-Resistant Steel Chart?

It’s basically a chart that discusses a manufacturer’s catalog of wear resistant steel plates.

The earliest and the most classical form of wear-resistant steel charts only discuss the hardness of a material.

However, with the wear-resistant steel charts manufacturers have today, the following characteristics and traits are also seen:

  • Abrasion Resistance
  • Impact Resistance
  • Weldability
  • Machineablity
  • Forming
  • Oxy-Acetelyne Cutting

What’s included in the chart will depend from manufacturer to manufacturer.

Purpose of a Wear-Resistant Steel Chart

The main goal of a wear-resistant steel chart is to educate a buyer about the specifications of the wear plate a manufacturer is offering.

By carefully checking and inspecting the chart, you’ll know everything about a certain product. You’ll have a view of how resistant it is to abrasion, impact, and temperature – and the like.

What is the AR600 Steel Plate?

The AR600 steel wear plate is known to be one of the most sought after wear plates.

What is the AR600 Steel Plate_
Example of what an AR600 steel plate looks like

Because of the nominal hardness of 600 BHN that it has, it’s tough and durable; however, it’s also brittle and is not ideal in high impact situations.

AR600 Steel Plate for Sale

You can find a ton of AR600 steel plates for sale in the market. Just searching the internet can give you the answers you need.

There are a myriad of manufacturers and suppliers you can trust and bank on. However, you’ll be able to find the best and the most trusted ones in China.

Steel wear plates’ usual thickness ranges from 0.18 mm to 3.5 mm, with widths playing around the ranges of 1000 mm, 1200 mm, 1219 mm, 1250 mm, etc.

In addition to that, there are also manufacturers that offer customized steel plates!

Steel Wear Plate Suppliers

You won’t experience any shortages in steel wear plate manufacturers and suppliers.

The market is, as a matter of fact, oversaturated – you’ll be able to find hundreds, if not thousands of suppliers.

But how do you choose the best one? – We’ll get to that just in a bit.

What a Steel Wear Plate is Not

Are you sure you know what a steel wear plate is?

What a Steel Wear Plate is Not
This is stainless steel, not a wear resistant steel plate

Even experienced businesses and companies sometimes mistake it for something else.

Generally, wear resistant steel plates are materials you can use to make sure that your parts will wear out slower.

However, there are sellers and manufacturers that will try to sell you regular steel plates; steel plates that have little-to-no effect when it comes to wear resistance at all!

Take note of the following steels as THEY ARE NOT STEEL PLATES FOR WEAR RESISTANCE:

  • T-1 Steel or A514
  • Concrete Rebars
  • Grader Blades
  • Stainless Steel

Why Businesses in the Industrial Sector Need Steel Wear Plates?

You can find a lot of reasons why industrial businesses need wear plates for their processes.

Why Businesses in the Industrial Sector Need Steel Wear Plates_
Pulp and paper industry utilizing wear plates to avoid oxidation and corrosion

The most common reason would be because they undergo activities with high levels of abrasion. To cite some examples:

Businesses in the structural or the construction industry utilize heavy-duty equipment – which are all prone and susceptible to wear.

Companies involved in coal and mining perform a lot of strenuous activities such as digging, which can damage or break machines and equipment, etc.

Because of wear, corrosion, abrasion, and friction – some parts or components might break. That’s where the importance of wear resistant steel plates come in.

How to Find the Best Steel Wear Plate Manufacturer

Deciding which manufacturer to go with is crucial. We’re talking about steel plates for wear resistance here – it can assist you with what you need big time.

You can consider a lot of factors to play with, but the most common ones that could really help you include:

Searching for Reviews

This is one, if not the most important thing you need to do.

Clients who are pleased will always leave positive feedback – while those that aren’t will almost always give the word to future clientele.

Reviews and feedback never lie – they’re the key for the truth about a certain manufacturer.

Production Capacity

How much can a manufacturer produce per day, per week, or per month? Are they capable of providing the amount of items and orders you need?

While quality should always be your best option, it’ll be hard especially under pressure.

Choose a manufacturer that can commit to providing you the specific amount of wear resistant steel plates you need!

Licenses and Certificates

One hint of a manufacturer’s experience is with their certifications and licenses.

You should always choose to work with a manufacturer with specific certifications and documents.

Not only are they relevant for legal terms, it can also mean better experience = better quality.

Feedback, production capacity, and certifications are only three (3) of the things to consider. You can also include the skill and experience, their sourcing agent, and things of the like.

Everything that can point you towards the truth about a certain manufacturer will be useful.

How Do Wear Plates Extend the Lives of Machines?

The analogy is simple – the part becomes worn-out slower, the part will live longer.

By acting as a protective coating for the part or component, its life will be longer.

Whether it’s for corrosion, abrasion – even friction, it’ll act as the first layer of defense, not the machine’s surface.

What is the NM500 Wear Plate?

Akin to what an AR500 steel wear plate is, the NM500 is also a type of wear resistant steel plate.

What is the NM500 Wear Plate
NM500 wear steel plate used for the structural industry

Made up of steel with low alloy or with low carbon, it will exceed the typical hardness you expect.

You can expect that this type of wear resistant plate will have a hardness value of 500 HBW. The best application for an NM500 steel wear plate would be for large areas of wear.

What Should You Look For in a Steel Wear Plate?

We now know how to choose the best wear resistant steel plate manufacturer. The next best thing you need to know about is how to find the best wear plates.

  • Dimensions or the size of the wear plate
  • Hardness & toughness
  • Impact and wear resistance
  • Temperature capacity

Where to Go For the Best Wear Resistant Steel Plates

With Waldun, you won’t just get the best and the highest quality of AR steel plates, you’ll also get it on time!

For more than a decade, we’ve been helping our clients with their projects specifically. Whatever type of wear resistant steel plate they need, we were able to give them.

Choose us and get a free quote and a free sample of the specific wear resistant plates that you need! We never ask our clients for a minimum order – we provide their materials based on their actual need!

Let’s review each of them in details.