What is Abrasion Resistant Steel – The Complete Guide

Contrary to popular belief, abrasion resistant steel doesn’t always have to be expensive.

That’s what we’ll be tackling in this guide today! By the end of this guide, you will learn many things about abrasion resistant (AR) steel you won’t find in other sources and guides.

What Makes a Metal Abrasion Resistant?

Carbon is the element that makes up the abrasion resistance of alloys and steel.

What Makes A Metal Abrasion Resistant
Abrasion resistant plates stacked up, ready for distribution

This is the reason why steels and metals with high carbon content are able to resist wear and abrasion more effective than those that have little amounts.

What are Grades in Abrasion Resistant Steel?

Steel is not something that’s singular – there’s a wide array of types with varying properties.

What Are Grades In Abrasion Resistant Steel
AR450 steel, it has a grade of 450

In order for you to easily distinguish these properties, they’re categorized via “grade.”

Steel grade is the categorization you use to identify the different types of steel; they’re classified depending on the unique properties that they have.

Examples of Abrasion Resistant Steel Grades

Now that you know what steel grade is, there also are grades when it comes to abrasion resistant steel.

Some of the most common steel grades include the AR400, AR450, AR250, AR500, etc.

The higher the number or the grade is, the harder the steel is – but it doesn’t mean it’s better because the harder the steel, the more brittle it gets.

Is Hardox Steel Abrasion Resistant Steel?

Yes, Hardox steel, whether it’s Hardox 400, Hardox 450, Hardox 500, etc., it’s abrasion resistant.

Is Hardox Steel Abrasion Resistant Steel
Hardox 500 plates ready for use and distribution

In fact, you can place it in the rankings of the best and the most abrasion and wear resistant steels in the market.

Composition of Abrasion Resistant Steel

Different types and kinds of Abrasion resistant steel have different compositions.

But, the most common and the most typical elements and compounds include:

  • Carbon (C)
  • Silicon (Si)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Nickel (Ni)
  • Chromium (Cr)
  • Boron (B)
  • Sulfur (S)

But, these aren’t the only elements and compounds used in the manufacturing and the production of Abrasion resistant steel.

There are some manufacturers that experiment by using other materials and compounds for their abrasion and wear resistant plates.

Can You Cut Abrasion Resistant Steel?

Abrasion resistant steel resist abrasion, as well as other kinds of wear; but that doesn’t mean that you wouldn’t be able to cut it.

Can You Cut Abrasion Resistant Steel
Cutting of abrasion resistant steel

You can achieve the act of cutting abrasion resistant steel if you use the correct materials and cutting procedures – laser cutting, among others.

Two-Body vs. Three-Body Abrasion

Little did we know that abrasion, one of the most common types of wear, can be categorized into two different categories: two (2) body and three (3) body.

Two Vs. Three Body Abrasive
Visual difference between 2 and 3-body abrasion

Two-body abrasion is the type of abrasion where surfaces slide off of each other; in which one of the surfaces dig and remove material off of the other.

Three-body abrasion, on the other hand, is the type of abrasion where material from both surfaces remove either from their own surfaces or from both.

If you use abrasion resistant steel, you can be safe from any of these types of abrasion.

Applications of Abrasion Resistant Steel Plate

We know abrasion resistant plates to be an excellent agent for resisting wear and abrasion – but where can you find it useful?

Applications Of Ar Steel Plate
Abrasion resistant steel plate being used for the protection of a heavy-earth moving machine part

Which industries can utilize Abrasion resistant steel plates? Industries such as the following can find abrasion resistant steel beneficial for their processes:

  • Infrastructure Industry
  • Power Generation and Energy Industry
  • Industrial Manufacturing
  • Construction and Structural Industry
  • Coal Mining Industry
  • Cement Industry
  • Many More

You can also choose to use AR steel plates to lengthen the lifespan of your parts and components, renew, restore, or rehabilitate worn-out parts, and to clad parts of heavy-duty and industrial machinery.

AR steel plates are flexible and versatile – you can use them in a lot of different applications.

Is Abrasion Resistant Steel Impact Resistant?

Yes – but it will depend on the hardness level of a particular AR steel.

As we can remember, the higher the hardness level of AR steel, the more likely it is to break when it undergoes a certain degree of impact.

For instance, a steel plate might be hard, but it might not perform well under strong and heavy impact.

However, all AR steel grades are resistant to a particular impact degree.

Importance of Abrasion Resistant Steel in the Construction Industry

It’s a no-brainer to think that steel that is able to resist abrasion is an important element in the structural or the construction industry.

Importance Of Ar Steel In Construction
Broken excavator without lining of AR steel

Because of its strength and durability against a wide variety of wear, it’s the most selected type of steel used in a lot of equipment such as heavy earth moving machinery, bulldozers, loaders, excavators, tractors, etc.

Without AR steel, parts of these machines that are exposed to a lot of movement, impact, and friction can wear out and be damaged easily.

Is There an AR600 Steel Plate?

While many AR steel manufacturers have AR500 as their highest abrasion resistant steel grade, AR600 grade is existent.

There are few select manufacturers that are skilled in producing AR600 steel plates – and we here at Waldun can help you with it too.

For many years, we here at Waldun have been the best and the most reliable manufacturer of abrasion resistant steel.

You can bank and trust us to produce and manufacture the specific type of AR steel you need!

Through the help and the assistance of our Research & Development (R&D) Team, we can specify and create whatever type and kind of AR steel you need!

Work With Best AR Steel Manufacturer

Wherever you are and whatever type of business you may have, we here at Waldun will never fail you.

Contact us via our email address and get answers to all your queries within 12 hours! Also, you can get a free reply from us!